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                      化學品中英文風險術語

                      Risk Phrases 英文解釋 中文解釋
                      R1 Explosive when dry. 干燥時有爆炸性;
                      R2 Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition. 受沖擊、摩擦、著火或其他引燃源有爆炸危險;
                      R3 Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition. 受沖擊、摩擦、著火或其他引燃源有極高爆炸危險;
                      R4 Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds. 生成極敏感的爆炸性金屬化合物;
                      R5 Heating may cause an explosion. 受熱可能引起爆炸;
                      R6 Explosive with or without contact with air. 與空氣或未與空氣接觸發生爆炸;
                      R7 May cause fire. 可能引起火災;
                      R8 Contact with combustible material may cause fire. 與可燃物料接觸可能引起火災;
                      R9 Explosive when mixed with combustible material. 與可燃物料混合時發生爆炸;
                      R10 Flammable. 易燃的;
                      R11 Highly flammable. 高度易燃的;
                      R12 Extremely flammable. 極易燃的;
                      R14 Reacts violently with water. 與水猛烈反應;
                      R14/15 Reacts violently with water, liberating highly flammable gases. 與水猛烈反應,釋放出極易燃氣體;
                      R15 Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases. 與水接觸釋放出極易燃氣體;
                      R15/29 Contact with water liberates toxic, highly flammable gas. 與水接觸釋放出有毒的,極易燃氣體;
                      R16 Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances. 與氧化性物質混合時發生爆炸;
                      R17 Spontaneously flammable in air. 在空氣中易自燃;
                      R18 In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture. 使用中可能形成易燃/爆炸性蒸氣空氣混合物;
                      R19 May form explosive peroxides. 可能生成爆炸性過氧化物;
                      R20 Harmful by inhalation. 吸入有害;
                      R20/21 Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin. 吸入和與皮膚接觸是有害的;
                      R20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食是有害的;
                      R20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed. 吸入和吞食是有害的;
                      R21 Harmful in contact with skin. 與皮膚接觸是有害的;
                      R21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. 與皮膚接觸和吞食是有毒的;
                      R22 Harmful if swallowed. 吞食是有害的;
                      R23 Toxic by inhalation. 吸入有害;
                      R23/24 Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin. 吸入和與皮膚接觸是有毒的;
                      R23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食是有毒的;
                      R23/25 Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed. 吸入和吞食是有毒的;
                      R24 Toxic in contact with skin. 與皮膚接觸有毒;
                      R24/25 Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed. 與皮膚接觸和吞食是有毒的;
                      R25 Toxic if swallowed. 吞食有毒;
                      R26 Very toxic by inhalation. 吸入有極高毒性;
                      R26/27 Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin. 吸入和與皮膚接觸有極高毒性;
                      R26/27/28 Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食有極高毒性;
                      R26/28 Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed. 吸入和吞食有極高毒性;
                      R27 Very toxic in contact with skin. 與皮膚接觸有極高毒性;
                      R27/28 Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed. 與皮膚接觸和吞食有極高毒性;
                      R28 Very toxic if swallowed. 吞食有極高毒性;
                      R29 Contact with water liberates toxic gas. 與水接觸釋放出有毒氣體;
                      R30 Can become highly flammable in use. 使用會變為高度易燃的;
                      R31 Contact with acids liberates toxic gas. 與酸接觸釋放出有毒氣體;
                      R32 Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas. 與酸接觸釋放出極高毒性氣體;
                      R33 Danger of cumulative effects. 有累積作用危險;
                      R34 Causes burns. 引起灼傷;
                      R35 Causes severe burns. 引起嚴重灼傷;
                      R36 Irritating to eyes. 刺激眼睛;
                      R36/37 Irritating to eyes and respiratory system. 刺激眼睛和呼吸系統;
                      R36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. 刺激眼睛、呼吸系統和皮膚;
                      R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin. 刺激眼睛和皮膚;
                      R37 Irritating to respiratory system. 刺激呼吸系統;
                      R37/38 Irritating to respiratory system and skin. 刺激呼吸系統和皮膚;
                      R38 Irritating to skin. 刺激皮膚;
                      R39 Danger of very serious irreversible effects. 有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/23 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation. 有毒的:經吸入有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/23/24 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有毒的:經吸入和與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/23/24/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有毒的:經吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/23/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed. 有毒的:經吸入和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/24 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin. 有毒的:與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/24/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有毒的:與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed. 有毒的:吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/26 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation. 極高毒性:經吸入有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/26/27 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin. 極高毒性:經吸入和與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/26/27/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 極高毒性:經吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/26/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed. 極高毒性:經吸入和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/27 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin. 極高毒性:與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/27/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed. 極高毒性:與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R39/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed. 極高毒性:吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;
                      R40 Possible risks of irreversible effects. 可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R40/20 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation. 有害的:經吸入可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R40/20/21 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有害的:經吸入和與皮膚接觸可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R40/20/21/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有害的:經吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R40/20/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed. 有害的:經吸入和吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R40/21 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin. 有害的:與皮膚接觸可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R40/21/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有害的:與皮膚接觸和吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R40/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed 有害的:吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;
                      R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes. 對眼睛有嚴重損害的風險;
                      R42 May cause sensitization by inhalation. 吸入可能引起過敏;
                      R42/43 May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact. 吸入和皮膚接觸可能引起過敏;
                      R43 May cause sensitization by skin contact. 皮膚接觸可能引起過敏;
                      R44 Risk of explosion if heated under confinement. 在封閉情況下加熱有爆炸危險;
                      R45 May cause cancer. 可能致癌;
                      R46 May cause heritable genetic damage. 可能造成不可逆的遺傳損害
                      R47 May cause birth defects. 可能引起出生缺陷;
                      R48 Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure. 長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/20 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. 有害的:經吸入長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/20/21 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有害的:經吸入和與皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/20/21/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed 有害的:經吸入、皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/20/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed. 有害的:經吸入和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/21 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin. 有害的:經皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/21/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有害的:經皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed. 有害的:吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/23 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. 有毒的:經吸入長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/23/24 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有毒的:經吸入和與皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/23/24/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed 有毒的:經吸入、皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/23/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed. 有毒的:經吸入和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/24 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin. 有毒的:經皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/24/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有毒的:經皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R48/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed. 有毒的:吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;
                      R49 May cause cancer by inhalation. 吸入可能致癌;
                      R50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms. 對水生生物有極高毒性;
                      R50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. 對水生生物有極高毒性,可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;
                      R51 Toxic to aquatic organisms. 對水生生物是有毒的;
                      R51/53 Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. 對水生生物有毒,可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;
                      R52 Harmful to aquatic organisms. 對水生生物是有害的;
                      R52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. 對水生生物有害,可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;
                      R53 May cause long-term adverse effects in aquatic environment. 可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;
                      R54 Toxic to flora. 對植物群有毒;
                      R55 Toxic to fauna. 對動物群有毒;
                      R56 Toxic to soil organisms. 對土壤中生物有毒;
                      R57 Toxic to bees. 對蜜蜂有毒;
                      R58 May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment. 可能在環境中造成長期不利影響;
                      R59 Dangerous for the ozon layer. 對臭氧層有危害;
                      R60 May impair fertility. 可能損傷生育力;
                      R61 May cause harm to the unborn child. 可能對未出生嬰兒造成危害;
                      R62 Possible risk of impaired fertility. 可能有損傷生育力的危險;
                      R63 Possible risk of harm to the unborn child. 可能有損害未出生嬰兒的危險;
                      R64 May cause harm to breastfed babies. 可能對哺乳嬰兒造成危害;
                      R65 Harmfull may cause lung damage if swallowed 有害的:吞食可能造成肺部損害;
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